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last updated: October 5, 2005


The neighbourhood of Orcasitas is located in the South-western part of Madrid, it covers 126 ha and 6,375 dwellings, 2,964 of them built in 1961-1962 under the Minimum Absorption Towns project. The whole neighbourhood contains around 18,000 inhabitants and the density corresponds to 156 inhabitants per ha.

The development consists of detached houses, two-floor buildings with 60 square metres. Dwellings were assigned to families without any objective criteria. As a result, the origin of inhabitants was highly different and the mixture between them characterised the neighbourhood.

This area was also involved in the Plan de Remodelación de Barrios during the 1980s. It has been an example of collaboration between citizens and public administrations; neighbours were highly connected with technicians directly deciding about their house. The high level of public amenities and high quality of dwellings after the restructuring constitute general characteristics of the process.