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last updated: October 5, 2005


Budapest is the capital of Hungary. Its population is 1.8 million, which is about one-fifth of the population of the country. (The population is decreasing continuously as a result of suburbanisation and a very negative birth-death rate.) Budapest is one of the cultural and economic centers of Central-Eastern Europe. Budapest is also a concentration of education, working places and services for the country as a whole.

The city is divided into 23 districts. The administration is two-tierd, which means that the functions are shared between the municipality of the capital and the local governments of the districts. There are 824,000 housing units in the capital. About 45 per cent of them were built before 1945. A third of the housing stock is in housing estates built from the 1950s till the beginning of the 1990s.